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c#生成高清缩略图的二个示例分享

2021/6/9 7:28:05   来源:

复制代码 代码如下:

/// <summary>
 /// 为图片生成缩略图  
 /// </summary>
 /// <param name="phyPath">原图片的路径</param>
/// <param name="width">缩略图宽</param>
 /// <param name="height">缩略图高</param>
 /// <returns></returns>
public System.Drawing.Image GetThumbnail(System.Drawing.Image image, int width, intheight)
{
Bitmap bmp = newBitmap(width, height);
//从Bitmap创建一个System.Drawing.Graphics
System.Drawing.Graphics gr = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(bmp);
//设置 
gr.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
//下面这个也设成高质量
gr.CompositingQuality = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
//下面这个设成High
gr.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
//把原始图像绘制成上面所设置宽高的缩小图
System.Drawing.Rectangle rectDestination = newSystem.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, width, height);
gr.DrawImage(image, rectDestination, 0, 0, image.Width, image.Height, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
returnbmp;
}
 

调用方法

复制代码 代码如下:

HttpPostedFile file = photoFile.PostedFile;
if(!file.ContentType.Contains("image"))
{
return"照片格式不合法";
}
stringext = Path.GetExtension(file.FileName).ToLower();
if (ext != ".jpg" && ext != ".gif" && ext != ".png"&& ext != ".jpeg")
{
return"请您上传jpg、gif、png图片";
}
if(file.ContentLength > 5 * 1024 * 1024)
{
return"请您上传512字节内的图片";
}
stringnewName = Guid.NewGuid().ToString();
stringtempPath = "upload/";
stringimg = tempPath + newName + ext;
stringfilePath = Server.MapPath(img);
if(!Directory.Exists(tempPath))
{
Directory.CreateDirectory(tempPath);
}
using(System.Drawing.Image originalImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(file.InputStream))
{
GetThumbnail(originalImage, 504, 374).Save(filePath);

示例2

复制代码 代码如下:

public void  MakeThumbnail(string originalImagePath, string thumbnailPath, int width, int height)
{
//获取原始图片 
System.Drawing.Image originalImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(originalImagePath);
//缩略图画布宽高 
int towidth = width;
int toheight = height;
//原始图片写入画布坐标和宽高(用来设置裁减溢出部分) 
int x = 0;
int y = 0;
int ow = originalImage.Width;
int oh = originalImage.Height;
//原始图片画布,设置写入缩略图画布坐标和宽高(用来原始图片整体宽高缩放) 
int bg_x = 0;
int bg_y = 0;
int bg_w = towidth;
int bg_h = toheight;
//倍数变量 
double multiple = 0;
//获取宽长的或是高长与缩略图的倍数 
if (originalImage.Width >= originalImage.Height)
multiple = (double)originalImage.Width / (double)width;
else
multiple = (double)originalImage.Height / (double)height;
//上传的图片的宽和高小等于缩略图 
if (ow <= width && oh <= height)
{
//缩略图按原始宽高 
bg_w = originalImage.Width;
bg_h = originalImage.Height;
//空白部分用背景色填充 
bg_x = Convert.ToInt32(((double)towidth - (double)ow) / 2);
bg_y = Convert.ToInt32(((double)toheight - (double)oh) / 2);
}
//上传的图片的宽和高大于缩略图 
else
{
//宽高按比例缩放 
bg_w = Convert.ToInt32((double)originalImage.Width / multiple);
bg_h = Convert.ToInt32((double)originalImage.Height / multiple);
//空白部分用背景色填充 
bg_y = Convert.ToInt32(((double)height - (double)bg_h) / 2);
bg_x = Convert.ToInt32(((double)width - (double)bg_w) / 2);
}
//新建一个bmp图片,并设置缩略图大小. 
System.Drawing.Image bitmap = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(towidth, toheight);
//新建一个画板 
System.Drawing.Graphics g = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(bitmap);
//设置高质量插值法 
g.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBilinear;
//设置高质量,低速度呈现平滑程度 
g.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
//清空画布并设置背景色 
g.Clear(System.Drawing.ColorTranslator.FromHtml("#F2F2F2"));
//在指定位置并且按指定大小绘制原图片的指定部分 
//第一个System.Drawing.Rectangle是原图片的画布坐标和宽高,第二个是原图片写在画布上的坐标和宽高,最后一个参数是指定数值单位为像素 
g.DrawImage(originalImage, new System.Drawing.Rectangle(bg_x, bg_y, bg_w, bg_h), new System.Drawing.Rectangle(x, y, ow, oh), System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
try
{
//获取图片类型 
string fileExtension = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(originalImagePath).ToLower();
//按原图片类型保存缩略图片,不按原格式图片会出现模糊,锯齿等问题. 
switch (fileExtension)
{
case ".gif": bitmap.Save(thumbnailPath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Gif); break;
case ".jpg": bitmap.Save(thumbnailPath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg); break;
case ".bmp": bitmap.Save(thumbnailPath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Bmp); break;
case ".png": bitmap.Save(thumbnailPath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Png); break;
}
}
catch (System.Exception e)
{
throw e;
}
finally
{
originalImage.Dispose();
bitmap.Dispose();
g.Dispose();
}
}

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